Jeremiah Rogers

Born: Abt. 1765 in Virginia

Mother: Sokey Unknown
Father: Benjamin Rogers


Sources and Additional Information:

Jeremiah Rogers was probably born about 1765 based on the available evidence. We believe that he is the son of Benjamin (the Immigrant) due to his age and location. There were no other Rogers in Cripple Creek old enough to have a child this age. He was probably born in Culpeper Co, Virginia, but that is only speculation since Benjamin (the Immigrant's) two oldest sons were born there and the family probably did not move to Cripple Creek until about 1769.

Jeremiah, like his brothers, served in the Revolution, but unlike them, he served in a Virginia line regiment. In 1780, he enlisted in a regiment being formed by Col Joseph Crockett to fight the Indians and British, but instead they were initially used to guard the British and German prisoners. These prisoners were part of the 5,000 men that the Major General John Burgoyne surrendered on 17 Oct 1777 to Continental forces under General Gates at the battle of Saratoga.

He later marched to Maryland, Ft. Pitt, and then boated down the Ohio River to join the forces of General George Rogers Clark. Fortunately for us, his Revolutionary War pension application is fairly complete and gives many details that we have been able to research and find other references to. See his application below and please read the notes provided. This makes a very interesting story.

It is not known where Jeremiah went to after the Revolution when most of the family moved to NE Tennessee and Kentucky. However, by 1830 he was in Marion County, Tennessee that had just opened up for settlement. It is interesting to note that John (TPM)'s son, Jesse b. 1791, was also in Marion Co at the same time before he went to SW MO in 1845.

State of Tennessee

Marion County

On this 23d day of August 1832, personally appeared in open court before the worshipful Justices of the Court of glory (?) and qua……. being a Court of Record now setting Jeremiah Rogers a resident of Marion County and State aforesaid aged about sixty-seven years who being first duly sworn according to law, do thou on this oath make the following declaration in order to obtain benefits of the provisions of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he enlisted in the army of the United States in the year 1780 in the month of January with John Henley (See Note 1) the number of the Regiment not recollected of the Continental line under the following named officers Colonel Joseph Crockett, (See Note 2) Major Thomas Alabes (?), William Cherry (See Note 3) - as well as I recollect Lieutenant ______ Browning, Ensign Hugh McGavock (See Note 4) in the County of Montgomery now Wythe County in the State of Virginia, that he enlisted for the term of two years and marched from the County of Montgomery aforesaid to Albemarle Barracks where the British under General Burgoine (See Note 5) were guarded by the American army having taken them prisoner before, that he remained there as well as he now recollects thirteen months guarding the above named prisoners, (See Note 6) that he marched with the prisoners to Frederickstown in the State of Maryland (See Note 7) where remained until there was a sufficient force of the militia raised to guard them, that he marched from there to Fort Pitt and remained there until Boats and provisions were obtained to transport them down the river to the falls of the Ohio (See Note 8). When he arrived in the month of June 1781 as well as he now recollects where he remained until the fall or winter of that year, and marched from there into the State of Kentucky where he was discharged, that his discharge called for one hundred and fifty acres of land, and placed the same in the hands of Adam Dean, as know not whether or not he could obtain the land or not and cannot obtain that information owing to the death of the said Adam Dean which happened a few years afterward, (See Note 9) that he knows of no persons whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his service, that he was in no general engagement or Battle during his service, he hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity except the present, and he declares that his name is not on the pension rolls of any agency in any State. Sworn to and submitted this day and year aforesaid.


Jeremiah Rogers

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion that the above named applicant was a Revolutionary Soldier and served as he states.

John Mitchell
Jon Nurman
Amos Griffith (See Note 10)
Justices of Said Court

Note 1: Early Adventures On The Western Waters, p.93 land transaction 7 Jan 1793, "Andrew Danner, assignee of Nathaniel Frisbie, assignee of James Newell, 300 acres on Cripple Creek, adjoining James Campbell, his own, and George Buckleloo, John Henley and along the south side of Lick Mountain." Obviously, John Henley was a neighbor residing on Cripple Creek.

Note 2: Early Adventures On The Western Waters, p.617, "Col Joseph Crockett was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Illinois or "Crockett" Regiment. He served about 18 months with General George Rogers Clark and was in many battles with Indians on the Miami and helped to destroy Chillicothe and other Indian towns on the Wabash River in Indiana, arriving home in Jan 1782."

Note 3: Conquest of the Country Northwest of the Ohio, 1778 - 1783 and Life of General George Rogers Clark, p.711-712, "Colonel Joseph Crockett wrote the governor from Shepardstown, on the 4th of March, that "By orders received from Colonel Clark, we have just returned from Frederic town to this place, in hopes to get the regiment equipped for the western expedition. I must beg leave once more to mention to Your Excellency the great distress the regiment is in for want of clothing, the soldiers being almost naked for want of linen, and entirely without shoes. Colonel Clark informs me he expect a considerable quantity of linen at Winchester, of which we shall have a part. As for shoes, I know not where to apply. This will be handed to Your Excellency by Captain Cherry, paymaster to the western battalion………" Shepardstown is now in West Virginian, but at that time was in Virginia. It lies on the Potomac not far from Harpers Ferry between Frederick, Maryland and Winchester, Virginia.

Note 4: Early Adventures On The Western Waters, p.712, "Hugh McGavock, eldest son of James McGavock, Sr., was born in 1761 and was married to Nancy Kent, sister of Colonel Joseph Kent of Kenton. Some historians believe he married first a Miss Campbell of Cripple Creek, who died very shortly afterwards. Hugh's first public service was undertaken in the latter part of the year 1779 (age 18 years) when as ensign he recruited men for the Virginia State service. In February 1780, he was requested to take his recruits to Albemarle to join Colonel Joseph Crockett. In the fall of 1780, he was ordered to guard prisoners from the barracks of Albemarle to Frederickstown, Maryland. He remained in Maryland through the winter of 1780, and in May 1781 the regiment was ordered to march to Pittsburgh," (Fort Pitt), "and as soon as boats were constructed they descended the river to Louisville" (Falls of the Ohio) "where Captain Chapman, Captain Tipton, and McGavock began their ride towards Floyd Station about six miles away. They were fired upon by Indians and only McGavock escaped."

Note 5: American Military History 1607-1958, p.75. Major General John Burgoyne had surrendered his force of 5,000 men on 17 Oct 1777 to Continental forces under General Gates at the battle of Saratoga.

Note 6: The Magazine of Albemarle County History, Vol 41, 1983, p.33. "……..the arrival in late April or early May of forty to sixty soldiers whom Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Crockett had recruited to serve on Virginia's western frontier but ordered, instead, to do guard duty at the barracks."

Note 7: The Magazine of Albemarle County History, Vol 41, 1983, p.39-40. "The British prisoners, totaling 804 rank and file, were to be escorted on their march to Maryland by Colonel Crockett's detachment, Captain Read's dragoons, and some militiamen, while the Germans, consisting of about 1,500 officers and men, remained at the Albemarle barracks under the guard of Colonel Taylor's regiment. On November 20 (1780) the British prisoners left the Albemarle barracks, marching west toward Rockfish Gap where they crossed the Blue Ridge." The original sources for this information were letters between Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Samuel Huntington, Thomas Sim Lee, and James Wood. The British prisoners and later the German prisoners were moved because it was believed that a force of 1200 British soldiers under the command of the traitor Benedict Arnold were marching to free the prisoners.

Note 8: Conquest of the Country Northwest of the Ohio, 1778 - 1783 and Life of General George Rogers Clark, p.713-716, On 20 May 1781, George Rogers Clark wrote to General George Washington from Fort Pitt, "The greatest part of our stores have come to hand, the remainder I shortly expect. By the greatest exertions and your timely supplies of money we have the boats and provisions expected in this quarter nearly completed. I propose to leave this (for the Falls of the Ohio) about the 15th of June, if we can embody a sufficient number of men by that time……..Colonel Crockett and regiment arrived a few days past who informed me that a company or two of volunteers might be expected from Frederick and Berkeley." The reference to Frederick could have been Frederick Co, VA or Frederick, MD. However, since Clark's force was primarily from VA, Frederick, MD was then called Frederickstown, and that Colonel Crockett's regiment had just marched through both Frederick Co and Berkeley Co, VA, it is assumed the letter refers to Frederick Co, VA.

Note 9: Early Adventures On The Western Waters, p.408, "Adam Dean of Cripple Creek appeared in the area about 1774, and had numerous tracts of land surveyed and later granted to him on a branch of Cripple Creek some distance north of Ivanhoe." Continuing on p.409, "Adam Dean's will was written 12 June 1787, and was probated 4 September 1787……..The appraisal of Adam Dean's estate was done by Robert Saunders (Sanders), William Rogers, and Michael Lees (Lease).

Note 10: Amos Griffith was a early resident of Marion County, Tennessee and a Justice of the Peace. Three years after he signed Jeremiah's application, he performed the marriage ceremony for Jesse Rogers (nephew of Jeremiah who was also living in Marion Co after moving there in 1826 from Claiborne County, Tennessee) and Mary (Griffith) Cosby. She was a widow and her maiden name was Griffith. She was no doubt related to Amos, but would have been too old to be his daughter. The 1840 census shows Jesse and Mary living near Amos before they left for SW Missouri in 1845.

Here are the sightings that we have attributed to Jeremiah Rogers b. ca 1765:

ca 1765 - Born. Benjamin (Sr)'s 8th son. Source: TN Roll of Rev War Pensioners from the Sec of War & his Revolutionary War Pension application.

Jan 1780 - Enlisted for two years in the Continental line under Col Joseph Crockett. Statement contained in Jeremiah's Revolutionary War Pension File, National Archives.

Apr 1780 - Col Joseph Crockett with 40 to 60 men arrive at Albamarle Brks to guard British and German "Convention Army" prisons. Source: Albemarle Co, VA Historical Soc, Vol 41, p.33.

20 Nov 1780 - Col Joseph Crockett's Regiments departed Albamarle Brks with 804 British prisoners and marched them to Fredrick(town), MD. Source: "History of Albemarle Co, VA", p.31 and Albemarle Co, VA Historical Soc, Vol 41, p.39.

Dec 1780 - By the end of Dec, the British prisoners from Albamarle Brks had arrived in Frederick(town), MD. They were eventually moved to York, PA. Source: Albemarle Co, VA Historical Soc, Vol 41, p.39.

4 Mar 1781 - In Sheapardstown, VA after delivering priosoners to Frederick(town), MD. Col Crockett wrote to VA Gov that his troops were in bad need of uniforms and that none had shoes. "Conquest of the Country Notrhwest of the Ohio, 1778–1783 & Life of General George Rogers Clark", p.711-712.

Jun 1781 - Boated from Ft. Pitt to the Falls of the Ohio (current site of Louisville, Ky) where he served under George Rogers Clark until the Fall or Winter. Source: Statement contained in Jeremiah's Revolutionary War Pension File, National Archives.

1782-84 - List of Recruits for Lieut. William Gleaves' Company. "Montgomery Co, VA, The First Hundred Years", p.120.

22 Feb 1785 - Montgomery Co, VA Court, Jury Duty. Source: "Annals of SW VA, Montgomery Co", p.782.

1830 - Marion County, Tennessee Census, age 50-60 (actual age = 59) 1f 50-60, 1m 15-20, 3f 10-15. Source: 1830 Census of Sequatchie Valley (Marion-Bledsoe County, Tennessee, p.48.

23 Aug 1832 - Appeared in open court at Marion County, Tennessee to make a declaration for Revolutionary War pension IAW Congressional Act. Witnessed by Amos Griffith, J.P. (This J.P. also married Jesse Rogers and Mary Griffith and was living next to them in the 1840 census.) Statement contained in Jeremiah's Revolutionary War Pension File, National Archives.

3 Mar 1835 - Living in Marion Co TN. Pension started 5 Mar 1833, age 69. Source: TN Roll of Rev War Pensioners from the Sec of War.


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